Biotechnology is a wide field of biology, including the use of living things and systems to develop or manufacture new products. However, depending on the technologies and tools used, it often also overlaps with other scientific disciplines. For example, genetic engineering is sometimes considered part of the field of biotechnology even though it is not part of the study of the life sciences.
One field that overlaps considerably with biotechnology is the field of molecular biology. Molecular biology uses DNA and RNA molecules to describe the functioning of all living things. The field of biotechnology itself was born from the study of molecular biology. Today, pharmaceutical industries, nutritional industries, and even the medical field utilize parts of the technology to advance their fields of study.
Biotechnology is an extremely broad subject matter because it encompasses a lot of different techniques and tools. The field is made up of three broad areas of concentration. These include bioinformatics, nutritional sciences, and agricultural biotechnology. Each of these areas further explores and expands upon the methods, practices, and technologies used to advance biomedical science and the field of agriculture.
The field of molecular biology relies heavily on the study of the genetic makeup of living things. The primary source of genetic information in the world of biotechnology is genetic engineering. This involves the development of specific genes through mutation and selection. The eventual aim is the production of genetically engineered plants, animals, and even viruses that can be employed in the production of pharmaceuticals, food, medicine, and other products.
Biotechnology scientists have been working for decades on genetic engineering, however, their efforts have been mostly fruitless. They are now starting to focus more on creating productive crops and animals through genetic engineering. This effort is part of the larger effort to utilize biotechnology to support the food and feed supply. Scientists and technologists are also looking into ways to produce medicines that can fight against the disease. Creating new strains of disease-resistant plants and animals is one of the cornerstones of the biotechnology industry.
With the advent of modern biotechnology, the world as we know it is slowly going to change. Biotech companies are looking at new ways to combat man’s greatest foe, disease. They have also been working feverishly to expand their knowledge of the human body, and learn how to treat and prevent disease. Advances in modern biotechnology are not going to slow down anytime soon. The field of pharmaceuticals will continue to grow, and the pharmaceutical companies will grow even bigger.